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Browsing : Oral Histories (34 items)


1. Black Art and Artists in South Africa
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-11-14  
Description
Oral interview with Ms P Khosa, an art teacher who was residing at R740, Umlazi at the time and place of the interview. Please note that the times are for guidance only, and may not be exact 0:00 - 00:54 - Personal details 00:54 - 01:19 - Early interest in art and needlework 01:19 - 01:47 - Lack of opportunities for aspirant black artists 01:47 - 01:96 - Interest rekindled while studying at Adams College 01:96 - 03:85 - Period of study at Ndaleni 03:85 - 04:20 - 1970 - Starts teaching and continues carving 04:20 - 04:62 - Works with Michael Zondi 04:62 - 05:18 - Marriage prevents any participation in art 05:18 - 07:21 - 1975 - Recommences woodcarving and starts fabric printing 07:21 - 07:70 - Types of images used in woodcarving 07:70 - 08:26 - Types of wood used 08:26 - 09:38 - Influence of Zondi and others on her work 09:38 - 10:36 - No contact with other artists at present 10:36 - 12:53 - Difficulty as a woman of penetrating the art world 12:53 - 13:37 - Potential outlets for work 13:37 - 13:93 - Dealings with curio shops 13:93 - 14:91 - Exhibitions 14:91 - 17:01 - Comments on the gallery system 17:01 - 19:04 - Moved towards fabric printing because this is more profitable 19:04 - 21:70 - Art in black schools 21:70 - 22:82 - Black children generally disinterested in art; reasons for this 22:82 - 23:73 - Art not taken by all pupils 23:73 - 26:04 - Attitude of the KwaZulu Education Department to art in schools 26:04 - 27:09 - Art offered at very few schools in Umlazi 27:09 - 33:47 - Comments on the state of art in South Africa 33:47 - 34:28 - Influence of other artists on her work negligible 34:28 - 38:37 - Membership of Inkatha and teaching of Inkatha in schools There is no transcript for this interview.
Relation
2. Duties as Minister of the Interior, Resettlement, Township Administration, Inkatha and KwaZulu politics
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-10-05  
Description
Oral interview with Dr F T Mdlalose, KwaZulu Minister of the Interior at his offices in Ulundi. Please note that the times are for guidance only and may not be exact 00:00 - 00:84 - Personal details 00:84 - 02:80 - Student activities at Fort Hare 02:80 - 05:53 - Need for ANC Youth League 05:53 - 06:86 - Youth League programme of action 06:86 - 08:40 - Career as a doctor 08:40 - 10:22 - Activities in the social field in Ladysmith 10:22 - 11:06 - Forced to leave Ladysmith due to Group Areas Act 11:06 - 12:04 - Reasons for active participation in politics 12:04 - 14:91 - Invitation from Chief Buthelezi to join cabinet 14:91 - 15:89 - Reasons for appointment as Minister of Interior 15:89 - 16:87 - Areas of work covered by portfolio 16:87 - 19:25 - Involvement in South Africa's Influx Control laws 19:25 - 20:58 - Labour problems in KwaZulu; bus boycotts; strikes 20:58 - 22:68 - Representations to Pretoria on the question of trade unions 22:68 - 23:59 - Payment of capitation fee by employers of KwaZulu citizens 23:59 - 25:27 - Funding for township administration 25:27 - 29:68 - Structure of township administration 29:68 - 29:89 - Problems in township administration 29:89 - 30:59 - Problems caused by increased rentals and water bills 30:59 - 34:37 - Lack of sufficient qualified water meters readers 34:37 - 34:86 - Clashes between township managers and township councils 34:86 - 36:33 - Shortage of policemen in townships 36:33 - 38:08 - Personal experience of inefficiency of police force 38:08 - 42:77 - Conditions for KwaZulu citizenship 42:77 - 45:71 - Advantages of KwaZulu citizenship 45:71 - 49:42 - Rush of applications for KwaZulu citizenship 49:42 - 50:40 - Grounds for refusal of citizenship 50:40 - 54:39 - Removal of Blacks from White owned land 54:39 - 56:91 - People removed in terms of consolidation proposals 56:91 - 59:15 - Attempts to assist people opposing consolidation plans 56:91 - 01:00:09 - Removals (continued) 01:00:09 - 59:15 - Influence carried by decisions taken in Ulundi 56:91 - 59:15 - Decision making process in KwaZulu government 56:91 - 59:15 - Problems which go to cabinet level 56:91 - 59:15 - Degree of contact with the general public 56:91 - 59:15 - Reasons for refusal to accept independence 56:91 - 59:15- Disadvantages of taking this stand on independence 56:91 - 59:15 - Structure of Inkatha 56:91 - 59:15 - Principles and constitution of Inkatha 56:91 - 59:15 - Position of women and women's brigade in Inkatha 56:91 - 59:15 - Opposition to Inkatha 56:91 - 01:38:37 - Attitude of groups outside South Africa to Inkatha 01:38:37 - 01:41:87 - Role of the King in KwaZulu politics 01:41:87 - 01:48:05 - Future of KwaZulu and South Africa
Relation
Transcript of interview
Photograph of Dr Frank T Mdlalose, Minister of the Interior, KwaZulu, on occasion of interview with D. Collins and A. Manson, 5th September 1979. Neg. Sh. 105 A4
3. Handwritten transcript of interview with Mrs J Dube, wife of the late Dr John Dube
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-03-08  
Description
Handwritten transcript of interview with Mrs J Dube at the Ohlanga Institute,Inanda in Durban, South Africa, which was established in 1901 by her late husband, Dr John Langalibalele Dube (1871-1946). The interview is related to his political activities in Natal and his relationship with the African National Congress.
Relation
4. Interview with Amabutho members
Creator
Mark Swilling

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1986-00-00  
Description
Oral interview with Amabutho which refers collectively to quasi-military formations of township youth who were also often known as "comrades" or "young lions." Mainly active in urban areas, especially in the eastern Cape, most were unemployed school-leavers who supported the United Democratic Front during the years of its ascendance, 1983-88. Often they lacked the political sophistication of school students, but with little to lose and time on their hands to roam the streets, they became the most militant and daring element within the UDF. Amabutho played a central, often unpopular, role in policing stayaways and consumer boycotts. The toyi-toyi, a high-spirited warriors' dance, became their political trademark at mass gatherings, marches and funerals. Between 1985 and 1987 they were responsible for rendering many townships temporarily off limits to state authorities - "ungovernable," in township parlance.
Relation
5. Interview with Duma Nokwe
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1972-10-23  
Description
Oral interview with Duma Nokwe (1927-1978) who was Secretary-General of the ANC from 1958 to 1969. Born to working class parents in Evaton, he studied at St. Peter's School in Johannesburg, Fort Hare, and the University of the Witwatersrand, where he pursued law. In 1956 he qualified as the first African advocate in the Transvaal. He also belonged to the underground Communist Parrty. From 1956 to 1961 he was a defendant in the Treason Trial. Banned, detained and in 1962 house-arrested, he fled South Africa in early 1963. He occupied leadership positions in the exiled ANC until his early death in 1978
Relation
6. Interview with Herby Govinden
Creator
Herby Govinden
Danny Massey

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1999-00-00  
Description
Oral interview with Herby Govinden, on his experiences as a student and lecturer at Fort Hare in the 1950s
Relation
7. Interview with Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri
Creator
Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri
Danny Massey

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1999-02-25  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in Bloemfontein, with Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, on her experiences as a student at Fort Hare in the late 1950s
Relation
8. Interview with Julius Nyerere
Creator
Julius K Nyerere
Gwendolin M Carter

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1963-08-10  
Description
Oral interview with Julius K. Nyerere (1922-1999), the first president of Tanzania (known as Tanganyika until 1964). He served as prime minister and then as president from independence in December 1961 until his retirement in 1985, except for a brief period shortly after independence when he stepped down temporarily to work on the revitalization of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), the country's ruling party. In May 1963 the Organization of African Unity was founded, and Tanzania became the headquarters of the Committee of Nine, an OAU body formed to coordinate assistance to liberation movements in African countries which had not yet achieved independence from colonial rule. These notes on a conversation with Nyerere at State House, Dar-es-Salaam, on August 10, 1963, were made by Professor Gwendolen M. Carter of Smith College, USA
Relation
9. Interview with Mr H Molooi
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-02-23  
Description
Interview with Mr H Molooi at Chesterville in Durban, South Africa, in which he discusses his acquaintance with Mrs Ngcobo, and his experiences as a labourer at that time. Mrs Ngcobo was the only known, living daughter of Langalibalele Dube, until 1978, when she passed on. Mrs Ngcobo worked for Allison Wessels George Champion (1893-1975) who held the position of National Secretary for the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU).
Relation

Handwritten transcript of interview
10. Interview with Mr. Mbongwe
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-03-08  
Description
Oral interview with Mr Mbongwe, Senior Clerk, at the Bantu Affairs office. The audio quality of this interview is extremely poor. There is no transcript for this interview.
Relation
11. Interview with Mrs J Dube, wife of the late Dr John Dube
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-03-08  
Description
Interview with Mrs J Dube at the Ohlanga Institute,Inanda in Durban, South Africa, which was established in 1901 by her late husband, Dr John Langalibalele Dube (1871-1946). The interview is related to his political activities in Natal and his relationship with the African National Congress.
Relation

Typed transcript of interview
Handwritten transcript of interview
Photograph of Dr J L Dubes' tombstone, at Ohlanga
Photograph of Dr J L Dubes' house, at Ohlanga
Photograph of Mr Goba (principal at Ohlanga) in front of Dr J L Dubes' home at Ohlange
Photograph of Andy Manson looking at Dr J L Dubes' tombstone
Photograph of Mrs Dubes' kindergarten class in the garden of her home
Photograph of Mrs Dubes' kindergarten class in the garden of her home
Photograph of experimental house at Ohlange
12. Interview with Peter Donald Hjul
Creator
Gwendolen Carter

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1964-01-26  
Description
Oral interview with Peter Donald Hjul who was a leading figure in the Liberal Party, which existed from 1953 until 1968. Born in Northern Rhodesia in 1929, Hjul lived in Cape Town where he became involved in producing trade journals for the fishing industry in the early 1950s. Drawn to politics by a strong social conscience and a dislike for both the National Party government and the United Party opposition in Parliament, he joined the Liberal Party at its inception. From the LP’s founding, Hjul belonged to its radical wing that advocated a universal adult franchise. He played an active part in unsuccessful efforts to elect Liberals to Parliament in a period when white Communists were more popular among Africans and Coloureds who had the vote in the Cape Province. Banned and harassed by the security police, Hjul and his family left South Africa for Britain on an exit permit in 1965. Hjul continued to edit commercial journals for the fishing industry in Britain, and died there in 1999. He was interviewed by Professor Gwendolen Carter of Smith College.
Relation
13. Interview with SASO leaders
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1972-10-23  
Description
Oral interview took place in the SASO office when Gerhart visited to make an appointment for a formal interview with Steve Biko, which took place the following day. Gerhart was preparing her doctoral dissertation, which became her book, ‘Black Power in South Africa’ (1978).
Relation
14. Interview with the Midland Chamber of Industries
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1985-10-31  
Description
Oral interview with members of the Midland Chamber of Industries headquartered in Port Elizabeth. The aim was to explore their views at a time when political protests, labor action and repression countrywide were at record highs. A partial state of emergency was is in force in the eastern Cape. Thirteen whites and one black, the personnel manager of a local business, were present.
Relation
15. Typed transcript of interview with Mrs J Dube, wife of the late Dr John Dube
Creator
A Manson
D Collins
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1979-03-08  
Description
Typed transcript of interview with Mrs J Dube at the Ohlanga Institute,Inanda in Durban, South Africa, which was established in 1901 by her late husband, Dr John Langalibalele Dube (1871-1946). The interview is related to his political activities in Natal and his relationship with the African National Congress.
Relation
16. Interview with Marumo Moerane
Creator
Marumo Moerane
Danny Massey

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1999-02-25  
Description
Oral interview with Marumo Moerane, on his experiences as a student at Fort Hare in the late 1950s
Relation
17. Interview with Absolom Zithulele Cindi
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1989-07-03  
Description
Interview with Absolom Zithulele Cindi who was an activist in the black consciousness movement and later in the Azanian People's Organization and the trade union movement. Born in Alexandra township, Johannesburg in 1950, he attended Orlando West High School in Soweto in the late 1960s. In 1972 he joined the Black People's Convention [BPC] when it was founded, and rose through the ranks, becoming secretary-general in December 1973. In September 1974 he was arrested following student rallies to mark the victory of FRELIMO in Mozambique. He was charged under the Terrorism Act and became a defendant in the marathon trial of the SASO Nine in 1975-76. Found guilty of "committing acts capable of endangering the maintenance of law and order," he served a five year sentence on Robben Island. Following his release in December 1981, he joined AZAPO and later became the organizing secretary of the National Forum in 1983. In 1986 he got involved in the administration an electrical workers union affiliated to the National Council of Trade Unions, and in 1989 he became the assistant general secretary of MEWUSA, formed by the amalgamation of four NACTU unions for metal and electrical workers. Later he served as MEWUSA general secretary and national chairperson of AZAPO.
Relation
18. Interview with Alexander Hepple
Creator
Alexander Hepple
Gwendolin M Carter
Sheridan Johns
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1964-02-28  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in Johannesburg, with Alexander Hepple (1904-1983), politician and author, a member of the South African parliament for the white socialist Labour Party from 1953 to 1958, and edited its newspaper "Forward". He chaired the Treason Trial Defence Fund (1956-1961), and later ran the International Defence and Aid Fund information service in London. He was the author of a biography of Hendrik Verwoerd (1967) and of South Africa: a Political and Economic History (1966).
Relation
19. Interview with Ambrose Makiwane
Creator
Ambrose Makiwane
Danny Massey

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1999-03-04  
Description
Oral interview, conducted at Cala, with Ambrose Makiwane. Makiwane entered Fort Hare in 1955, when he was age 34. His family lacked the means to send him earlier, and he had been expelled from Clarkebury after a student strike. At Fort Hare he became Chairman of the ANC Youth League branch, and in 1957 the president of the SRC
Relation
20. Interview with Ashby Peter Solomzi Mda
Creator
Ashby Mda
Gail M Gerhart
John Gerhart
Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1970-01-01  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in Mafeteng, with Ashby Peter Solomzi "A. P." Mda (1916-1993) who grew up in the Herschel district of the Transkei. He was prominent among the founders of the ANC Youth League in 1943-44, and served as its president after the death of Anton Lembede in 1947. He opposed the influence of the Communist Party and became a partisan of the Africanist movement within the ANC. He worked as a teacher while qualifying as a lawyer. Avoiding a police dragnet in April 1963, he fled to Basutoland (later Lesotho), where he established a law practice in Mafeteng.
Relation
21. Interview with D.B. - a returned exile
Creator
Gail M Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1990-09-26  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in New York City, with D.B, a returned exile.
Relation
22. Interview with Frank Chikane
Creator
Frank Chikane
Larry Jones

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1987-05-04  
Description
Oral interview with Rev Frank Chikane, This interview was conducted just after Rev. Chikane's appointment as General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches (SACC). Chikane, age 36, was underground at the time of the interview.
Relation
23. Interview with Imrann Moosa
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1989-07-11  
Description
Interview with Imrann Moosa who is an advocate active in AZAPO. The interview took place in his Durban law office on July 11, 1989.
Relation
24. Interview with John Daniel
Creator
John Daniel
Gwendolin M Carter

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1976-06-00  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in Mbabane, with John Daniel, a student leader at the University of Natal who twice served as president of the National Union of South African Students (1966 and 1968). He then spent 23 years in exile, including over a decade in Swaziland where he taught at the national university in Mbabane
Relation
25. Interview with Lebamang John Sebidi
Creator
Lebamang John Sebidi
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1989-07-03  
Description
Oral interview, in Johannesburg, with Lebamang John Sebidi, the first Black rector at St Peters Seminary at Hammanskraal, South Africa.
Relation
26. Interview with Lybon Tiyani Mabasa
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1991-04-07  
Description
Interview with Lybon Tiyani Mabasa, a leader in the Azanian People's Organisation (AZAPO) at the time of this interview, was born in 1952 and graduated from Sekano-Ntoane High School in Soweto in 1971. He studied at the University of the North, but did not complete a degree because of his involvement in student politics. In 1976 he began teaching at Meadowlands High School in Soweto, and joined the Black People’s Convention [BPC]. Following the outbreak of the student uprising that year, he was detained for four months. Evading arrest in the crackdown of October 1977, with like-minded colleagues he helped organize the caretaker Soweto Action Committee within days of the banning of all black consciousness organizations. The committee held countrywide consultations that led to the formation of AZAPO in April 1978. Mabasa was elected its treasurer. Detained soon after, he was banned for five years following his release in late 1978. When his banning order was lifted in May 1982, he resumed organizing for AZAPO and subsequently served as its president (1983-84), vice-president for political education (1985-86) and vice-president (1986-87). He was detained again for three months in 1989, and was hospitalized along with other prison hunger strikers. In the 1980s he helped steer AZAPO and its ally the National Council of Trade Unions (NACTU) towards advocacy of "scientific socialism," but the organizations gained little ground against their larger, better-funded rivals in the United Democratic Front and the Congress of South African Trade Unions. After the advent of majority rule, Mabasa split from AZAPO and formed the Socialist Party of Azania.
Relation
27. Interview with Murphy Morobe
Creator
Murphy Morobe
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1989-07-03  
Description
Oral interview, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with Murphy Morobe,
Relation
28. Interview with Ntsizi Elijah Moremi
Creator
Gail Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1991-04-07  
Description
Interview with Ntsizi Elijah Moremi who was a refugee in Kenya in the late 1970s. An adherent of the black consciousness movement, he became involved in efforts to create an external wing of the movement, the Black Consciousness Movement of Azania (BCMA) in 1979-80. While waiting for a visa to study in the United States, he attended a theological seminary in Nairobi. He later pursued theological studies in the United States.
Relation
29. Interview with Potlako Kitchener Leballo
Creator
Potlako Kitchener Leballo
Gail M Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1968-09-11  
Description
Oral interview, conducted in Nairoi, with P. K. Leballo (1924-1986) a leader in the Africanist movement and later in the Pan Africanist Congress, serving as its secretary general from its founding in April 1959, and later as its acting president in exile. A man of high energy and mercurial temperament, he was responsible for much of the PAC's success before Sharpeville, as well as for most of its failings in the following two decades.
Relation
30. Interview with Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
Creator
Robert Sobukwe
Gail M Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1970-08-08  
Description
Oral interview, in Kimberley, South Africa, with Robert Sobukwe (1924 to 1978), who was elected Founding President of the Pan Afticanist Congress in April 1959, jailed for several years as a result of the PAC anti-pass campaign, restricted to living in Kimberley and banned from attending meetings, speaks about Communism, alliances, the defiance campaign and other issues.
Relation
31. Interview with Sibongile Mthembu Mkhabela
Creator
Sibongile Mthembu Mkhabela
Gwendolin M Carter

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1994-08-18  
Description
Oral interview with Sibongile Mthembu Mkhabela, conducted by a third year class in African Politics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. The interviewee, nee Sibongile Susan Mthembu, was a leader in the Soweto Students Representative Council at the time of the 1976 Soweto uprising. She subsequently was a defendant in the trial of the "Soweto 11" and was jailed for two years. Answers have been transcribed verbatim, but questions were partially inaudible on the tape, and thus are not verbatim
Relation
32. Interview with Stanley Mabizela
Creator
Stanley Mabizela
Danny Massey

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1999-04-19  
Description
Oral interview, in Cape Town, South Africa, with Stanley Mabizela, president of the youth league at the University of Fort Hare in 1960.
Relation
33. Interview with Steve Biko
Creator
Steve Biko
Gail M Gerhart

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1972-10-24  
Description
Oral interview, in Durban, with Steve Biko, on the rise of Black Consciousness, the growing resistance of students by 1972 and the roles of organisations such as NUSAS and SASO.
Relation
34. Interview with Tsietsi Mashinini
Creator
Tsietsi Mashinini

Resource type
Oral Histories 
Date
1972-01-09  
Description
Transcript from a radio interview, in New York City, with Tsietsi Mashinini, on the aftermath and reporting of the Soweto riots, international relations and the role of the USA in the struggle for freedom in South Africa
Relation
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