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Conscripts to their age: African National Congress operational strategy, 1976-1986
AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
UMKHONTO WE SIZWE
Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of D.Phil. in Politics in the Faculty of Social Studies, University of Oxford. Abstract: The ANC's stress on armed struggle often, paradoxically, seemed to undermine its efforts to wage armed struggle. Its armed struggle remained at a low level on intensity and posed little military threat to the South African state. A determination to correct this weakness motivated most ANC attempts to reshape operational structures and political mobilisation. By the mid 1980s, however, the ANC's armed struggle was, patently, a military failure. Moreover, mobilisation by political means posed a molre serious challenge to the State. Yet the ANC persisted with armed struggle, and its operational strategy still accorded armed force the crucial role in attempting to secure fundamental change.
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